Phytochemical Analysis of Portulaca pilosa & Portulaca quadrifida Linn through FTIR

Main Article Content

Muhammad Aslam Tahir
Muhammad. S. A. Abbasi

Abstract

Current research work comprises Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) study of two members of Portulaca Family namely, Portulaca pilosa & Portulaca quadrifida Linn. Portulaca pilosa is well known ornamental plant whereas Portulaca quadrifida Linn. is a weed. Both are known for their herbal importance and were grown in March last year in self-built herbal garden. In June last year, twigs of both herbs were plucked and kept under shade for drying. After one month, dry twigs were ground to fine powder and then analyzed using FTIR technique. Functional groups of phytochemicals were identified through FTIR spectral lines. Appropriate correlations of absorption peaks to medicinal compounds have been discussed. As a result, both herbs are found to be rich source of bioactive compounds like alkaloids, flavonoids, fatty acids, tannins, triterpenoids, amino acids and saponins. In conclusion of current study, importance of herbal plants for development of medicines is also highlighted. 

Keywords:
Flavonoids, FTIR, medicinal compounds, saponins, Portulaca pilosa, Portulaca quadrifida Linn, terpenoids

Article Details

How to Cite
Tahir, M. A., & Abbasi, M. S. A. (2020). Phytochemical Analysis of Portulaca pilosa & Portulaca quadrifida Linn through FTIR. South Asian Research Journal of Natural Products, 3(3), 1-6. Retrieved from https://journalsarjnp.com/index.php/SARJNP/article/view/30106
Section
Short communication

References

Jamshidi-Kia F, Lorigooini Z, Amini-Khoei H. Medicinal plants: Past history and future perspective. J. herbmed Pharmacol. 2018;7(1).

Bahadur S, Khan MS, Shah M, Shuaib M, Ahmad M, Zafar M, Begum N, Gul S, Ashfaq S, Mujahid I, Hussain F. Traditional usage of medicinal plants among the local communities of Peshawar valley, Pakistan. Acta Ecol. Sin. 2020;40:1–29.

Manoharachary C, Nagaraju D. Medicinal plants for human health and welfare. Ann. Phytomedicine. 2016;5(1):24–34.

Tyśkiewicz K, Konkol M , Kowalski R , Rój E, Warmiński K, Krzyżaniak M, Gil Ł, Stolarski MJ. Characterization of bioactive compounds in the biomass of black locust, poplar and willow. Trees. 2019;1–29.

Ambriz-Pérez DL, Leyva-López N, Gutierrez-Grijalva EP, Heredia JB. Phenolic compounds: Natural alternative in inflammation treatment. A Review. Cogent Food Agric.2016;2(1):1131412.

Mustafa G, Arif R, Atta A, Sharif S, Jamil A. Bioactive compounds from medicinal plants and their importance in drug discovery in Pakistan; 2017.

Roy A, Jauhari N, Bharadvaja N. 6 Medicinal Plants as. Anticancer Plants Nat. Prod. Biotechnol. Implements. 2018;2(2): 109.

Coates J. Interpretation of infrared spectra, a practical approach. Encycl. Anal. Chem. Appl. theory Instrum; 2006.

Elkhayat ES, Ibrahim SRM, Aziz MA. Portulene, a new diterpene from Portulaca oleracea L. J. Asian Nat. Prod. Res. 2008; 10(11):1039–1043.

Palaniswamy UR, Bible BB, McAvoy RJ. Effect of nitrate: Ammonium nitrogen ratio on oxalate levels of purslane. Trends New Crop. New Uses. 2002;11(5):453–455.

Mekap SK, Panda PK, Mishra SK. Phytochemical and pharmacological profile of Portulaca pilosa Linn.: A review. J. Environ. Life Sci. 2017;2(2):46–51.

Palaniswamy UR, McAvoy RJ, Bible BB. Stage of harvest and polyunsaturated essential fatty acid concentrations in purslane (Portulaca oleraceae) leaves. J. Agric. Food Chem. 2001;49(7):3490–3493.

Rocha MJA, Fulgencio SF, Rabett AC, Nicolau M, Poli A, Simees CMO, Ribeiro-do-Valle RM. Effects of hydroalcoholic extracts of Portulaca pilosa and Achyrocline satureioides on urinary sodium and potassium excretion. J. Ethnopharmacol. 1994;43(3):179–183.

Chen B, Zhou H, Zhao W, Zhou W, Yuan Q, Yang G. Effects of aqueous extract of Portulaca oleracea L. on oxidative stress and liver, spleen leptin, PARα and FAS mRNA expression in high-fat diet induced mice. Mol. Biol. Rep. 2012;39(8):7981–7988.

Rashed AN, Afifi FU, Disi AM. Simple evaluation of the wound healing activity of a crude extract of Portulaca oleracea L.(growing in Jordan) in Mus musculus JVI-1. J. Ethnopharmacol. 2003;88(2-3):131–136.

Dhande SR, Patil VR. An overview of Protulaca quadrifida. Int. J. Veg. Sci. 2019; 1–7.

Berihun T, Molla E. Study on the diversity and use of wild edible plants in Bullen District Northwest Ethiopia. J. Bot. 2017; 2017.

Verma A, Bala N, Khangembam N. Effect of cooking methods on anti-nutrient content of Loni (Portulaca quadrifida L.) and their products development. Asian J. Dairy Food Res. 2017;36(4):345–348.

Das M, Kumar A. Phyto-pharmacological review of Portulaca quadrifida Linn. J. Appl. Pharm. Res. 2013;1(1):1–4.

Dos Santos Grasel F, Ferrão MF, Wolf CR. Development of methodology for identification the nature of the polyphenolic extracts by FTIR associated with multivariate analysis. Spectrochim. Acta Part A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 2016; 153:94–101.

Baranska M, Schulz H. Determination of alkaloids through infrared and Raman spectroscopy. Alkaloids Chem. Biol. 2009; 67:217–255.

Gatea F, Teodor ED, Seciu AM, Nagodă E, Radu GL. Chemical constituents and bioactive potential of Portulaca pilosa L vs. Portulaca oleracea L. Med. Chem. Res. 2017;26(7):1516–1527.

Odia A, Esezobor OZ. Therapeutic uses of amino acids. Amin. Acid New Insights Roles Plant Anim. 2017;1

Güçlü-Üstündağ Ö, Mazza G. Saponins: Properties, applications and processing. Crit. Rev. Food Sci. Nutr. 2007;47(3):231-258.

Singh R, Mendhulkar VD. FTIR studies and spectrophotometric analysis of natural antioxidants, polyphenols and flavonoids in Abutilon indicum (Linn) sweet leaf extract. J. Chem. Pharm. Res. 2015;7(6):205–211.

Kareru PG, Keriko JM, Gachanja AN, Kenji GM. Direct detection of Triterpenoid saponins in medicinal plants. African J. Tradit. Complement. Altern. Med. 2008; 5(1):56–60.

Masturi D Alighiri, Edie SS, Drastisianti A, Khasanah U, Tanti KA, Susilawati Maghfiroh RZ, Kirana KGC, Choirunnisa F. Identification of flavonoid compounds and total flavonoid content from biowaste of local durian shell (Durio zibethinus). In Journal of Physics: Conference Series. 2020;1567(4):42084.

Mbonyiryivuze A, Mwakikunga B, Dhlamini SM, Maaza M. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy for sepia melanin; 2015.

Lim YY, Quah EPL. Antioxidant properties of different cultivars of Portulaca oleracea. Food Chem. 2007;103(3):734–740.